While the diamond’s incomparable strength has made it the symbol of undying love, it is the diamond’s shimmering brilliance that has made it the most prized of all gems. Whether you are purchasing your first diamond or have purchased diamond jewelry before, Spicer Greene Jewelers is here to help you make an informed and confident decision. We are here to explain the importance of the four C’s: Cut, Color, Clarity, and Carat Weight and to help you find the piece that exemplifies your love.
Cut refers to the angles and proportions a skilled craftsman creates in transforming a rough diamond into a polished diamond. Of the 4 “C”s it is the cut that has the most influence on the diamond’s brilliance and beauty. Round is the most brilliant shape and has the most stringent cut standards.The cut of a diamond has everything to do with the diamonds brilliance. A well cut diamond will internally reflect light from one mirror-like facet to another and release it through the top of the diamond in a blaze of fire and brilliance that will take your breath away. Diamonds that are cut too deep or too shallow lose or leak light through the side or bottom, resulting in less brilliance and ultimately, less value. Spicer Greene is very particular about the cut of our diamonds. Specializing in ideal cut stones, Spicer Greene realizes the importance of well cut diamonds.
Many people confuse diamond cut and the shape of a diamond. Cut refers to the proportion and angels that a diamond has been cut to. Although the cut of the diamond may affect the value of the diamond, the shape, is largely a matter of personal preference. It is the work of a master cutter that allows the diamond to be cut in such a way as to permit the maximum amount of light to be reflected through the diamond, and that’s a great reflection on you. It is the cut that enables a diamond to make the best use of light.
Shown are the most popular shapes for diamonds. The round is still the most popular and most brilliant diamond shape. However, numbers, letters and shapes of all kinds can be achieved. Shape is a matter of personal preference, and is only limited by the imagination of the customer and the skill of the craftsman.
Another important aspect for determining a diamonds value. Diamonds are graded on a letter scale with D being colorless and Z having yellow or brown hues. D, E, and F are considered colorless, G, H, and I are near colorless. Most people can start to see some yellow tint in diamonds J and below. D-Z diamonds are known as the “normal color range” and anything outside of this range is considered a fancy color diamond. In the normal color range, the less color a diamond has, the higher its per carat price. For example, a diamond with the color grade F will cost considerably more than a diamond with a color grade of J if all other factors are equal. Fancy color diamonds (yellows, pinks, blues, oranges) command higher prices for more intense and vivid colors.
Clarity is how free of inclusions a diamond is. An inclusion is an imperfection or mineral trace in a stone that can be visible by the naked eye, or under the magnification of a loop or a gem microscope. Clarity of a diamond is dependent on a number of factors including location, number, type and size of inclusions. The fewer inclusions present in a diamond, the more brilliant a diamond can be. This also means that the fewer inclusions a diamond has, the higher the price per carat will be for a stone. Clarity is expressed flawless (F), internally flawless (IF), very very slightly included 1 and 2 (VVS1 and VVS2), very slightly included 1 and 2 (VS1 and VS2), slightly included 1 and 2 (SI1 and SI2) and included 1, 2, and 3(I1, I2, and I3). Generally speaking diamonds with clarity grades over I1 do not have inclusions visible to the naked eye.
Yes, size does matter. Size is a key determining factor in the value of a diamond. Diamond weight is measured in carats and further measured in points. Like there are 100 pennies in a dollar, there are 100 points in a carat. If a diamond weighs 1.52 ct that means that the diamond weighs “a carat and fifty two points.” This diamond could also be called “a carat and a half.” Because large diamonds are rarer than small diamonds, the price of a diamond increases exponentially with the size.
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